[ Fr.Sunil De Silva - 13.03.2013 ]
Live Coverage of the First Day of Conclave & Black Smoke.......... F

Black smoke has issued from the Sistine Chapel in Rome on rhe 2nd Day of Voting, 13th March in the morning hours, signalling that the second and third votes in the Papal election have been inconclusive.

Cardinals have been meeting again the afternoon, 13th March, to choose a successor to Pope Benedict, who resigned last month.

The 115 electors are shut off in the Sistine Chapel and a nearby residence until two-thirds agree on a leader for the world's 1.2 billion Catholics.

Further votes will be held on Wednesday afternoon.

On 12th March, Tuesday, after the First Day of voting, black smoke poured from the Sistine Chapel chimney on Tuesday 12th March, signaling that cardinals could not find the required majority on their first vote of the papal conclave to choose the Next Pope for the world’s 1.2 billion Catholics.

The papal election, or conclave, began on Tuesday as the assembled cardinals staged a procession into the Sistine Chapel as they chanted the Litany of Saints — asking the saints to help them pick a new pope.

The chances of the conclave selecting a new pope on its first vote was highly unlikely. For a winner to be declared, he must receive two-thirds of the vote — 77 votes in total.

The cardinals will now hold up to four votes per day in secret sessions in the chapel until Benedict XVI's successor is chosen.
When they are not in the chapel, the cardinals will remain within Vatican walls, staying at Casa St. Martha, a hotel that was built while John Paul II was pope. The cardinals will eat and sleep at the hotel, isolated from the outside world for the duration of the conclave.

The day began with the dean of the College of Cardinals, Angelo Sodano, leading the celebration of the Pro eligendo Pontificiemass — the Mass for the election of a pope — inside St. Peter's Basilica, joined by voting cardinals.

On the first day, the cardinals each swore an oath to follow the selection procedure laid out by Pope John Paul II in 1996, to affirm they will be loyal and receptive to the winner, and to maintain secrecy during and after the conclave, said Father Darren Dias, an assistant professor of theology at the University of St. Michael's College in Toronto.

Cardinal Sodano, in his homily, issued an appeal for church unity, aimed squarely at the cardinals heading into a papal election that has no clear front-runner.

"Each of us is therefore called to co-operate with the Successor of Peter, the visible foundation of such an ecclesial unity," Cardinal Sodano said.

“Let us pray for the cardinals who are to elect the Roman pontiff,” read one of the prayers during the Mass. “May the Lord fill them with his Holy Spirit with understanding and good counsel, wisdom and discernment.”

How The White And Black "Fumate" Are Produced

Beginning with the Conclave in 2005, in order to better distinguish the colour of the "fumate" (smoke signalling the election or non-election of a pontiff), a secondary apparatus is used to generate the smoke in addition to the traditional stove in which the Cardinal electors' ballots are burned. This device stands next to the ballot-burning stove and has a compartment where, according to the results of the vote, different coloured-smoke generating compounds can be mixed. The result is requested by means of an electronic control panel and lasts for several minutes while the ballots are burning in the other stove.

For a black "fumata" the chemical compound is made of potassium perchlorate, anthracene, and sulphur. The white "fumata" is a mixture of potassium chlorate, lactose, and rosin. The rosin is a natural amber resin obtained from conifers. Prior to 2005 the black smoke was obtained by using smoke black or pitch and the white smoke by using wet straw.

The stove-pipes of the stove and the smoke-producing device join up and exit the roof of the Sistine Chapel as one pipe leading to the chimney installed on the ridge of the roof, which is visible from St. Peter's Square. To improve the airflow the pipe is pre-heated by electrical resistance and it also has a backup fan.
[ cbc News / EWTN News-12.03.2013 ]